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what is a case study in psychology

Case Study Template and Format. You have already learned what a case study is and how it should look like, so it is time to learn more about the structure of assignment and its content. However, every research greatly differs depending on the topic, so you should carefully note down all the guidelines your professor provides not to miss anything. Nov 27,  · Psychology’s 10 Greatest Case Studies – Digested By Christian Jarrett These ten characters have all had a huge influence on psychology and their stories continue to intrigue each new generation of students. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event. Much of Freud's work and theories were developed through the use of individual case studies. Some great examples of case studies in psychology include Anna O, Phineas Gage, and Genie.


Psychology’s 10 Greatest Case Studies – Digested – Research Digest


By Saul McLeodupdated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past i.

The case study is not itself a research method, but researchers select methods of data collection and analysis that will generate material suitable for case studies. What is an example of a case study in psychology? Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by Sigmund Freud, including Anna O and Little Hans. Freud a, b conducted very detailed investigations into the private lives of his patients in an attempt to both understand and help them overcome their illnesses, what is a case study in psychology.

Even today case histories are one of the main methods of investigation in abnormal psychology and psychiatry. This makes it clear that the case study is a method that should only be used by a psychologist, therapist or psychiatrist, i. There is an ethical issue of competence. Only someone qualified to diagnose and treat a person can conduct a formal case study relating to atypical i. How is a case study conducted? The procedure used in a case study means that the researcher provides a description of the behavior.

This comes from interviews and other sources, such as observation. The client also reports detail of events from his or her point of view. The researcher then writes up the information from both sources above as the case study, and interprets the information. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen.

The interview is also an extremely effective procedure for obtaining information about an individual, and it may be used to collect comments what is a case study in psychology the person's friends, what is a case study in psychology, parents, employer, workmates and others who have a good knowledge of the person, as well as to obtain facts from the person him or herself.

Most of this information is likely to be qualitative i. How to analyze case study data. The data collected can be analyzed using different theories e.

All the approaches mentioned here use preconceived categories in the analysis and they are ideographic in their approach, i. Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out. A good case study should always make clear which information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher. Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies what is a case study in psychology shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways.

Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists. Case studies are often used in exploratory research. They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods. They are an important way of illustrating theories and can help show how different aspects of a person's life are related to each other.

The method is therefore important for psychologists who adopt a holistic point of view i. The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of "similar" instances. Because they are based on the analysis of qualitative i. This means that there is a lot of scope for observer bias and it could be that the subjective opinions of the psychologist intrude in the assessment of what the data means. For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior e.

Little Hans. Diamond, M. Freud, S. Analysis of a phobia of a five year old boy. How to reference this article:. McLeod, S. Case study method. Toggle navigation. Download this article as a PDF. Further Information. How to reference this article: McLeod, S, what is a case study in psychology.

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what is a case study in psychology

 

Case Study Template and Format. You have already learned what a case study is and how it should look like, so it is time to learn more about the structure of assignment and its content. However, every research greatly differs depending on the topic, so you should carefully note down all the guidelines your professor provides not to miss anything. These sample case studies are for illustration only. They should not be used to make a diagnosis. If the symptoms sound similar to those that you (or a loved one) are experiencing, please contact your primary physician or a mental health professional for an evaluation as soon as possible. Case Study 1. Jessica is a 28 year-old married female. Case study in psychology refers to the use of a descriptive research approach to obtain an in-depth analysis of a person, group, or phenomenon. A variety of techniques may be employed including personal interviews, direct-observation, psychometric tests, and archival records.